italy1

Republic of Italy
Background: -
1 - Capital: Rome
2 - land area : 294 020 km2
3 - Land boundaries: total length of the border with France, 488 km and 430 km Austria , Slovenia 232 km and Switzerland , while up along the border with San Marino to 39 km and 3.2 km with Vatican City
4 - waterways : the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea
5 - Population : 60.29 million in the year 2012
6 - Languages : The official language : Italian
Other languages : Historical Romance languages used in Italy : Emiliano Romagnolo , Alvriolih and Alladeneih Ligurian and Lombard and Neapolitan and Albeamontah of the Sicilian and Sardinian and Venice and Romansh .
Include minority languages : Albanian , Catalan , Croatian and Albroovenzalah Frankish and French , Alvriolih , German, Greek, Alladeneih , القسطانية and Sardinian and Slovenian . Act was passed in 1999, recognizes the existence of 12 linguistic minority and ensures protection
7 - Currency: Euro
8 - major religions :
Roman Catholic Christian is the largest religious sects in the country

9 - Time difference : + 1 in summer
The most important cities in Italy : -
Grade                           City Site Census City Population
1 Roma Lazio
2724347

2 Milan Lombardy
1295705

3 Naples
Campania
963 661

4 Turin
Piedmont
908 825

5 Palermo
Sicily
659 433

6
Genoa Liguria
611 171

       
Economy : -

Main exports : -
Engineering products , textiles and clothing , production machinery , cars , transport equipment , chemicals , food , beverages and tobacco ; minerals, non-ferrous metals
The value of exports : -
                           $ 478.9 billion       ( Year 2012)
          
                           $ 503.1 billion   ( Year 2011)
                   
Key partners: -
Germany ( 12.9 % ), France ( 11.4 % )
And the United States (6.6 %).




Imports details : -
Main imports : -
Engineering products , chemicals, transport equipment, energy products , metals and non-ferrous metals , textiles and clothing , food , beverages, and tobacco
The value of imports : -

                             $ 453.5 billion( Year 2012)
                   
                       $ 524 billion dollars  (  Year 2011)
                       
Key partners: -

Germany 15.7%, France 8.9%, China 7.5 %
Major industries in the state : -
Tourism , machinery , iron and steel , chemicals , food processing , textiles , cars, clothing, footwear , ceramics
The main crops in the state : -
Fruits, vegetables, grapes , potatoes , sugar beets , soybeans , grain , olives , beef and dairy products , fish
  
GDP by sector : -
     Industry 24.9 % (2010)
     Agriculture 1.8 % (2010)
    Services 73.3 % (2010)



Economic indicators ( in 2012 ): 
1 - GDP:                      $ 2.013 billion years old ( 2012)
                              
2 - GDP per capita: 37.406                             $ 37.406 Year 2011
3 - real growth rate:

                            2.4% (2012)
4 - inflation rates :
                                  3.0% in 2012
5 - Manpower:
                                  25.25 million ( 2012 )
6 - employment and the percentage distribution of the different sectors :
                                     Industry 28.3 % (2011)
                                      Agriculture 3.9 % (2011)
                                     Services 67.8 % (2011)
                             
7 - Wages :
Average wage : 3.000 EURO (2012)

8 - Exchange Rates
In relation to the U.S. dollar :
0.7778 ( 2012 )
0.7185 ( 2011 )



10 - Taxes : 48.3 % of GDP

11 - budget surplus : 3% of GDP (2012)

12 - investors' confidence :
Improved confidence in the euro zone in May after being stabilized to the expectations of investors estimate the area after the two-month - long decline because of the ambiguity that beset put Cyprus and Italy .
She Snteks Research Group The monthly index , which measures investor sentiment in the euro zone , which includes 17 countries has risen to -15.6 in May from -17.3 in April to slightly less than economists forecast in a Reuters poll that score -15.2 indicator .
The Snteks pointed out that the inconclusive results of the elections in Italy and international rescue package for Cyprus affected the euro zone index in the previous two months .
However, it has been the formation of a coalition government in Italy in late April after nearly two months of the elections , while the Cypriot parliament approved harsh bailout

The volume of trade exchange between Egypt and Italy : -
- Italy is the first trade partner of Egypt at the European level , both in the volume of trade, or in the absorption of Egyptian exports , a second at the level of partner countries in the world after the United States. It has passed the trade volume between the two countries for the first time exceeded five billion euros , reaching about 5.2 billion euros in 2012 , after it was 4 billion in 2007 , marking a rise of 30%.
2 - With regard to 2009, the statistics showed until August 2009 that the trade volume fell by 23% , reaching 2.6537 billion euros, compared to what it was in the same period of 2008 ( 3.4488 billion euros) , and decreased the value of Egyptian exports increased by 41.7 % ( 901.2 million euros , compared to 1545.2 during the same period in 2008 ) affected by the global economic crisis , as well as Egyptian imports increased by 7.9 % ( 1.7525 billion euros against 1903.6 ).
3 - was inaugurated shipping line direct to transport goods and people between the ports of Venice and Alexandria on 20/5/2010 , and the aim of this line to support the capacity of Egypt to export to Italy, and the rest of the European markets , especially commodities and agricultural products and flowers , while seeking to connect the largest number of ports Egyptian those Italian through the conduct of regular shipping lines between them.
B - Investments
1 - The volume of Italian investments in Egypt about 5 billion euros , and Italy ranks eighth in terms of its contribution to the capital of companies investing in Egypt with more than 800 companies .
2 - saw investment Italians in Egypt have been active during the last three years , increasing during which the volume flow by about 162% compared to what it was in 2005, and amounted to projects established Currently, about 651 projects, compared to 231 projects in 2005, including shows on the willingness of companies Italian investment in Egypt . The main sectors in which they invest Italian companies in the energy, services , tourism , construction, and agriculture, in addition to the banking and financial sector .
3 - The most significant manifestation of this activity announcement on October 17, 2006 for the purchase Bank " Intesa / Sano Paulo " Italian for $ 80 % of the shares of the Bank of Alexandria , so in a deal legate $ 1.6 billion , especially since the bank's Italian successful experience in financing small projects The medium can bring economic benefit to Egypt , as well as his interest in supporting Italian investments .
4 - In addition, owning a "italcementi" for Suez Cement Company at about $ 530 million , and a consortium led by "weather investments" of the engineer / Naguib Sawiris in 2005, purchased the company wind Italian for phones, estimated at 12.2 billion euros.
5 - took Foundation "Simest" concerned with supporting Italian investments abroad and belonging to the Ministry of Foreign Trade , great attention to increase the volume of investments Italy in Egypt, the Foundation supported 19 projects in Egypt , including 6 projects contributed to the capital of about 20 million euros of the total value amounting to about 800 million euros offer more than 7 thousand jobs , and include the areas of iron and steel, rubber , plastics, textiles and clothing , tourism , hotels and services , in addition to supporting the establishment of a company to taxi with a capital of 2 million euros , as the Foundation to send a technical mission to Egypt during the period from 16 to 19 April 2009 to examine ways of cooperation between the two sides of the technology transfer of the Italian Egypt in the field of textiles and garments , leather tanneries , furniture , food processing and packaging , as well as the sectors of construction and marble in the framework of a strategy centered on the establishment of areas of industry Based on the model of Italian , as well as provide financing mechanisms for the private sector , and promote cooperation in the field of technology transfer and vocational training sector .
6 - includes the current activity of the institution in Egypt in the final phase contribution to the establishment of industrial zone integrated in the field of textiles "textile cluster" area of Burj Al Arab, and promoted in order to attract Italian investments , as well as the transfer of expertise and technology to upgrade the quality of the final product Egyptian by addressing the filament fabric, and currently contributing institution in the establishment of factories for my company "Albini" and " Filmar " in that region .
7 - has been re- formation of the Joint Council for the business, and the council includes 11 businessmen Italy and 15 Egyptian businessmen ( the Egyptian side is currently headed by Dr. / Alaa Arafa , and the Italian side , " Alberto Pirelli ," Vice President " Pirelli " tires .


Agreements that have been signed between Egypt and Italy : -
Latest conventions and declarations and memoranda signed between the two countries
A - Sharm el - Sheikh summit in the second strategy , which was held on May 12 , 2009, was signed by the following:
1 - the Convention on the establishment of the Egyptian University / Italian .
2 - Memorandum of Understanding on trilateral cooperation in Africa.
3 - a joint declaration on trilateral cooperation in the field of development.
4 - a joint declaration on the implementation of the debt swap program for development.
5 - Joint Declaration of decentralized cooperation in the field of localities between the Italian provinces and the provinces in Aitar what the Egyptian -called " regional engagement ."
6 - extension of the labor agreement signed between the two countries in November 2005 , aims to take over the Ministry of Manpower and Immigration overseeing the implementation of the proportion of work permits that are allocated by the Italian government for Egyptian labor .
7 - Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the field of energy , including renewable energy ( solar and wind ) , including the transfer of technology and joint production , and discuss trilateral cooperation in this field in Africa.
8 - Memorandum of Understanding on offer Italy a grant of 550 thousand euros to finance a feasibility study on a project -speed train line between Cairo and Alexandria , and the possibility that it extends to Upper Egypt.
9 - Memorandum of Understanding to establish a joint council for cooperation in the field of land and sea transport , and the link between the Egyptian and Italian ports (already signed a new agreement in the field of maritime transport instead of the previous agreement signed in 1976) ..
B - agreements and memoranda and declarations that have been signed in the third strategic summit , which was held in Rome on May 19 , 2010:
1 - Memorandum of Understanding in the framework of trilateral cooperation in Africa on the implementation of projects in the field of health, the first Sudanese to train midwives , and the second to combat malaria in Ethiopia .
2 - a joint declaration on the implementation of a program of economic and social development area of the North West Coast .
3 - Memorandum of Understanding concerning the participation of new development .
4 - An executive protocol for the establishment of the Egyptian universities / Italian .
5 - a joint declaration to strengthen bilateral cooperation in the field of promotion and protection of children's rights and empowerment of the family in Egypt.
6 - a joint declaration to strengthen bilateral cooperation on unaccompanied migrant minors.
7 - Memorandum of Understanding for bilateral cooperation in the field of modernization of public administration .
8 - a joint declaration on cooperation in the field of seasonal migration .
9 - a joint declaration on the establishment of a program of cooperation Egyptian / Italian for the development of education and scientific research , an extension of the activities of the Egyptian / Italian for Science and Technology .
10 - Joint Declaration on the implementation of the third phase of the program of bilateral cooperation in the environmental field .
11 - Memorandum of Understanding for cooperation in the fight against blood diseases.
12 - a joint declaration to enhance the teaching of the Italian language and culture in Egypt.
13 - Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of the Department of Italian language teaching at Ain Shams University .
14 - a memorandum of understanding for scientific cooperation in the field of agriculture.
15 - a joint declaration on supporting the development of trade and industrial cooperation , closely follow the implementation of the Action Plan for the period (2009 - 2012).
16 - Agreement on the implementation of cooperation projects in the field of gas production and exploration .
17 - Agreement on cooperation between the Egyptian Postal Authority and the Italian Postal Authority .
 D - agreements that have been signed in the Egyptian - Italian summit , which was held in Rome in 09/14/2012
1. Bilateral cooperation agreement in the tourism sector during 2012-2013
2. Agreement to enhance cooperation in the field of technical education
3. Agreement to enhance cooperation in the field of technical education
4. A special agreement to develop the second phase of the restructuring of the Egyptian railway
5. Agreement on the establishment of the mechanism of bakeries in Egypt
6. Convention on the joint declaration to support and finance small and medium - sized enterprises in Egypt
7. Economic cooperation agreement between the two countries during the period from 2012 to 2015

 
Infrastructure: -

Airports important :


Abruzzo International Airport

Palermo International Airport

Airport Palermo - Bonyivalko the

Pantelleria Airport

Foligno Airport

Catania airport - Fontanarosa

Airport Comizo - Ragusa

Airport Aquila بريتورو the

Lampedusa Airport

Airport Leonardo da Vinci

Malpensa Airport

Ports : -
Home ports : Port of Cagliari, Naples, Port of Livorno
Other:
Augusta Bay ( Sicily )
The port of Civitavecchia
Porto Flavia
Port of Genoa
Marina بيككولا
Port of Pescara
Port of Reggio
Port of Pozzallo
Port of Ravenna


About the road network and condition : -

In 2004, fled the transport sector in Italy about 119.4 billion euros , employees 935 700 153 700 person organization. With respect to the national road network , there were 668.721 km ( 415.612 miles ) of roads that are valid in Italy in 2002 , including 6,487 kilometers ( 4,031 miles ) of highways, state-owned but privately operated by company Otlantea . In 2005 , a record in the country is about 34.667 million passenger cars (590 cars per 1,000 people ) and 4.015 million of goods vehicles on the national road network .
National Network of Railways state-owned and operated Farovi dello ستاتو , . In 2003, the total length of railways in Italy 16.287 km ( 10.122 miles ), of which 69 % electrified and runs 4937 tractor and trailer . Composed inland waterways network of 1477 km (918 miles ) of rivers and canals navigable in 2002. In 2004, there were approximately 30 major airport (including the two hubs of international Malpensa in Milan and Leonardo Da Vinci International in Rome ) and 43 major ports (including the Port of Genoa, the country's largest and second largest in the Mediterranean Sea ). Amtklt Italy in 2005, a civilian air fleet of about 389,000 units and commercial fleet of a 581 - strong naval ship

Natural Resources: -
Coal , mercury , zinc, potassium , marble , barite , asbestos , pumice, fluorspar , feldspar and pyrite ( sulfur ) , natural gas and crude oil reserves , fish, arable land
Forests in Italy : -
According to the United States 31 % of Italy considered forests , recognizing the Food and Agriculture Organization of the % of this area is one of the primary forests .
 Land area ( 1,000 square kilometers ) 29411
Forest area ( 1000 ha), 9149
31 % of forests
The proportion of primary forests 1%





The most important banks: -
Rome:
ABI - Associazione Bancaria Italiana
Palazzo Altieri - Piazza del Gesù, 49
00186 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 67671
Fax: +39 06 6767457
Email: abi@abi.it
Website: www.abi.it

Banca Credito Italiano - Unicredit Group
Piazzale dell'Industria, 46
00144 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 54631
Fax: +39 06 54237006
Email: reteinternazionale@credit.it
Website: www.credit.it
Banca d'Italia
Via Nazionale, 91
00184 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 47921
Fax: +39 06 47922983
Website: www.bancaditalia.it

Banca Monte Dei Paschi Di Siena
Via del Corso, 232
00187 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 673411
Website: www.mps.it

Banca Nazionale Del lavoro - BNP Paribas
Via Vittorio Veneto, 119
00187 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 47031
Fax: +39 06 47020466
Email: redazionebnl@bnlmail.com

Banca Popolare Di Bergamo
Via dei Crociferi, 44
00187 Rome
Tel.: +39 06.6979181
Fax: +39 06.6781925
Email: info@bpb.it
Website: www.bpb.it
Banca Di Roma - Unicredit Group
374 Via del Corso
00186 Rome
tel.: +39 06.67071
Fax: +39 06 6707-3783
Website: www.bancaRoma.it

Gruppo Bancario Banco Di Napoli
Via del Seminario, 76
00186 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 67604916
Fax: +39 06 67604937
Email: bn.imprese @ bancodinapoli.it
Website: www.bancodinapoli.it
Mediobanca
Piazza di Spagna, 15
00187 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 6758291
Fax: +39 06 6795877
Website: www.mediobanca.it
Mediocredito
Via Premuda 2
000195 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 39742930
Email: mediocredito@mcc.it
Website: www.mcc.it
SanPaolo IMI
Via della Stamperia, 64
00187 Rome
Tel.: +39 06 69022427
Website: www.intesasanpaolo.com
Milan:
Banca Nazionale Del lavoro
Piazza San Fedele, 1/3
20121 Milan
Tel.: +39 02 86469129
Website: www.bnl.it
Banca Popolare Di Milano
Piazza Filippo Meda, 4
20121 Milan
Tel.: +39 02 77001 Fax: +39 02 77002829
Email: massimo-bravi@bpm.it
 www.bpm.it Bank site :
Mediobanca
Piazzetta E. Cuccia 1
20121 Milan
Tel.: +39 0288291
Fax: +39 028829367
www.mediobanca.it Bank site :
Monte Dei Paschi Di Siena
Via Santa Margherita, 11
20121 Milan
Tel.: +39 02 69701
Email: carlo.balestri @ bancamps.it
www.mps.it Bank site :

San Paolo Imi
Via Maffeo Bagarotti, 5
20152 Milan
Tel.: +39 02 47998521
www.intesasanpaolo.com Bank site :
Unicredit
Piazza Cordusio, 3 Address:
20123 Milan
+39 02 88621 Telephone :
info@unicredito.it E - mail :
www.unicreditgroup.it Bank site :
Universities : -
List of the best universities in Italy in 2013 with the latest updates for the year 2013 :
-University of Pisa University of Pisa , Italy
The university http://www.unipi.it/ site

2-Sapienza University of Rome University, Rome, Italy
The university http://en.uniroma1.it site

3-University of Milan University, Milan, Italy
The university http://www.unimi.it/ site

4-University of Padua University of Padua , Italy
 University website: http://www.unipd.it



5-Politecnico di Milano Polytechnic University of Milan , Italy
 
University website: http://www.polimi.it/en/

6 - University of Scuola Normale of Pisa Italy
 University website: http://www.sns.it/
7-University of Bologna University of Bologna , Italy
University website: http://www.unibo.it/it

8-University of Florence University of Florence , Italy
The university http://www.unifi.it/mdswitch.html site

9-University of Turin University of Turin, Italy
The university http://www.unito.it/ site

10-University of Genoa University of Genoa, Italy
 
University website: http://www.unige.it/





About the security situation : -
Italy is ranked 47 globally in homicide rates by 0.013 per 1,000 people in a sample of 63 countries

Official holidays
   On New Year January 1 ,
 Feast of Epiphany Jan. 6
 Liberation Day April 25
  Holiday Workers May 1
 Republic Day June 2
 Holiday transmission virgin August 15
All Saints November 1
Immaculate Conception cord December 8
 Holiday Birth December 25
St Stephen 's Day December 26
 
References:
tp :/ / www.unipd.it/ Universities . 2013. Best universities in Italy in 2013. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 26 August 13].
The Canadian Trade Commisioner Service. 2013. List of Italian Major Banks - Italy. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.tradecommissioner.gc.ca/eng/document.jsp?did=6842. [Accessed 26 August 13].
Mongabay. 2010. Italy Forest Information and Data. [ONLINE] Available at: http://rainforests.mongabay.com/deforestation/2000/Italy.htm. [Accessed 26 August 13].
Wikipedia. 2013. Italy. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 26 August 13].
The Egyptian Foreign Ministry . 2013. Egyptian - Italian relations . [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.sis.gov.eg/Ar/Templates/Articles/tmpArticles.aspx?CatID=224. [Accessed 26 August 13].